Identification markings on DB wagons

The wagons of the DB were classified by letter markings. These markings were composed of group letters (upper case) and optional additional letters (lower case). The group letters describe the basic characteristics of a wagon while the additional letters describe further features or characterics that deviate from the basic characteristics. Furthermore, there was a two-digit type number attached to the letter markings. This was used to distinguish technical details of the wagons.

The letter marking described on these pages were used by the DB from their introduction in 1951 until they were superseded internationally uniorm letter markings (1960/1964). There have been a few minor modifications over time that are described below.

in principle, the DB letter markings have been developed from the DR letter markings by adapting them to newer requirements.

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6. 9. 1997 Viktor Schiffer, e-mail: vschiffer (at)