The introduction of the EURO in Germany in the"BILD" - newspaper

 

To Helgo Ollmann´s Hompage

Author: Helgo Ollmann
Translator: Jens Leidolf
in September 1998


Visitors since January 1999.

Contents:


Introduction

1 The "BILD" - newspaper

1.1 Circulation and range

1.2 The social relevance of the "BILD" - newspaper. A Review

1.3 The "BILD" in scientific analysis

2 Chronological review of the reports and comments on the EURO

3 Positions of the "BILD" to the EURO

3.1 Pro EURO

3.2 Nationalistic

3.3 The EURO and unemployment

3.4 Social claims in connection with the EURO inauguration

3.5 Coverage after the election of the ECB-President

Bibliography

 

 

Introduction

Subject of this work is to present and analyse the reports and the tenor in the "BILD" - newspaper regarding the introduction of the EURO in Germany. In the first part of this report the "BILD" - newspaper will be introduced. It seemed to be necessary not only to explain the ways of spreading, the circulation and range but additionally to give a short historic review to understand the relevance and the socially polarizing style of this newspaper. This, of course, is walking an edge along regarding the subject and can only be broached. For further and more intense exploration of the phenomenon "BILD" - newspaper there hints on further literature given in this chapter.

In the second part the reports and point of view of the "BILD" on the EURO for the period from 06.10.96 until 11.05.98 will be shown chronologically and discussed in the third chapter.

All Dates are written in the form: "DD.MM.JJ"; so that "02.01.99" means the 2nd January 1999.

 

Back to Content

1 The "BILD" - newspaper

1.1 Circulation and range

The "BILD" - newspaper is published from Monday to Saturday with a circulation of 4.7 million copies a day. It reaches 17.8 % (11.3 million) of the german population aged 14 and older. The highest range as to household-nett-income it reaches by 19.9 % in the incomeclass between 2.500 DM and 3.000 DM. Whilst "BILD" reaches 8.1 % amongst people with a high school graduation or diploma, it reaches 23.9 % secondary lower school graduated or employees (MA´97/I zit. in BILD advertisement pricelist nr. 51).

On sundays the "BILD am SONNTAG" is published. "BILD" is a nationwide german paper which is published in regional editions. The circulation in Nordrhein-Westfalen, the land with the highest population in germany, is 1 million copies from Monday to Friday.

The "BILD" is distributed worldwide for germans in foreign countries, especially recreative travellers. A foreign edition is printed on Mallorca and the Canary Islands."BILD" is a boulevardpress newspaper, i.e. it can not be subscribed to, but it can be bought at a kiosk, bakery, tobaccoshop, in other shops or at slot machines. A "BILD" - slot machine is situated in front of nearly every factory and bus stop.

Back to Content

 

1.2 The social relevance of the "BILD" - newspaper. A Review

On June 24th 1952 the mass paper first appeared with a circulation of 250.000 copies. The London "Daily Mirror" was the model, the editor Axel Springer tied up to. His editorial concept was: News, little politics, crime, short stories and pictures (Naeher, Gerhard. 1991, S. 90, 92, 93).

Though Axel Springer did only want to publish little politics in the "BILD", the aim of the newspaper was by no means unpolitical. On the occasion of the inauguration of the Axel Springer publishinghouse in Berlin in 1966 Springer emphasized his general political aim: "Wenn es in den vielen und unterschiedlichen Publikationen des Hauses Springer so etwas wie eine für alle verbindliche Linie gibt, würde ich sie nicht regierungstreu, sondern antikommunistisch nennen; (...)". ("If there is a binding line for all the plenty and various publications from the house of Springer, i would not call it conforming to the government, but anti-communistic;(...)"). (Springer, Axel. 1971, S.29). The anticommunism in the "BILD" aligns not only against the GDR and the states of the Warsaw Pact, it also leans against the left and the student opposition in western germany. Members of the student exparliamental opposition (APO) were titulated as "immatrikulierter Mob" (immatriculated mob), "Politgammler" (political tramp) or "Radikalinskis" (radical elements) in polarizing speech. 1966 "BILD" advised: "Polizeihiebe auf Krawallköpfe, um den möglicherweise noch vorhandenen Grips locker zu machen" (Lohmeyer, Henno. 1992, S.324) ("hits on the heads of riotous to free their brain potential"). When Benno Ohnesorg, who took part in a demonstration against the visit of the persian Schah, was killed by a police bullet on June 2nd 1967, Springer Press, most of all "BILD" and the berlin newspapers "BZ" and "Morgenpost" polarized: "Wer Terror produziert, muß Härte in Kauf nehmen" (ebd., S.325)("Whoever produces terror has to expect hardness"). 

The social polarisation escalated in april 1968, when Rudi Dutschke, who was declared as a "Rattrapper" by Springer Press, was shot by a worker. In Berlin the biggest riots since the foundation of the FRG started. The federation of students "SDS" called for actions against the Springer - publishingfirm, which they called the "Zentrum der systematischen Hetzkampagne gegen politische Minderheiten" (zit. in: Naeher, Gerhard. S. 236)("center of the systematic mendacity against political minorities").On the very evening of the attempt on Dutschke there had been demonstrations in front of the berlin publishinghouse - the delivery of the morningpress had been blocked up (Lohmeyer, Henno. S. 331) During the following days demonstrations and blockades were put up where Springer publishinghouse had publishinghouses, editorials and printingoffices, in order to prevent the delivery of Springer - newspapers (Naeher, Gerhard. S. 237). The publicised consense in the german broadcasting and in german print media like "Der Spiegel", "Die Zeit", as well as the unions and the social democrats dissociated from Springer (ebd. S.238).

Back to Content

 

1.3 The "BILD" in scientific analysis

Thus by the student movement of the late sixties the relevance of the "BILD" has first been made more conscious, which led to numerous scientific analysises, that mainly inquired the influence of the Springer publishinghouse and its manipulative possibilities. Namely to mention are the essays of Urs Jaeggi: "Macht und Herrschaft in der BRD" ("Power and dominion in the FRG"), Jansen/Klönne: "Imperium Springer" ("Empire Springer") and Karl-Peter Arens, who researched the possibilities of manipulation (Riedmiller, Thomas. 1988, S. 8). Worth mentioning is furthermore the analysis on the reportings of "BILD" concerning laborforce, union politics, rental fees and social by Erich Küchenhoff a.o., in which falsification in reporting in "BILD" is proven. Special public attention was payed to Günther Wallraff, who worked for "BILD" as a journalist by the name of "Hans Esser" and published his observations and experiences on reporting, falsification in reporting and pure invention of reports in 1979 by the title "Der Aufmacher" ("The Header").

Back to Content

 

 

 

2 Chronological review of the reports and comments on the EURO

All articles recited dating younger than 17.04.98 are taken from the online archive of the "BILD", later on published items are taken from the print version.

 

06.10.96

"Kohl: Secret meeting with union boss"

Chancellor Kohl had met with the chairman of the DAG (Trade Union of German Employees), Issen. The chancellor would have had welcomed the first high union secretary after month of absolute dead radio. Issen formulated it a stipulation "for new conversation between Kohl and the unions (...) it has to be secured that the fulfillment of the premises for the introduction of the EURO does not lead to an increased unemployment.".

 

13.12.96

"EURO - the most important debate in the federal diet"

"BILD" introduces the sign for for the EURO. "An E with a double middle bar - similar to £ or $". It is emphasized that government and SPD are following the same aim in an economic- and currency reform. The condition printed fat: "with a steady EURO!". Chancellor Kohl and SPD chairman Scharping are portrayed and positions opposed: "´Withstand all storms`Chancellor Helmut Kohl: He wants to make the european unification process irreversible." and: "`Yes to a shared currency` SPD - chairman Rudolf Scharping: He demands more engagement against unemployment."

 

30.12.96

"EURO"

In the news column "BILD" reports in 13 lines: "Prime Minister Schröder (SPD) of Niedersachsen threatens with a failure of the EURO." Why and or how Schröder would like to let the EURO fail is not reported in "BILD", two other statements are printed in contrast instead: "Chancellorboard minister Bohl (CDU): `Unresponsible panicking` Germany would need the EURO, declared (...) Beck (SPD)."

 

19.02.97

"Federal Bank: Inferior interests are no barrier for more Employment"

Federal Bank president Tietmeyer is quoted inferior interests do not contribute to unemployment, but build up positive conditions for investment. "This is an important contribution too for a good start of the EURO."17.03.97 "Will Bonn shift the EURO?" Under this headline the paper presumes whether "silently in Bonn there is being thought about shifting the EURO in case the stability criteria can´t be met." "BILD" shows up contrary remarks from Theo Waigel ("There will be no weak EURO with me") and from Oskar Lafontaine, who, according to the "Spiegel", realizes a certain margin in the reendebtment of the state.

 

30.03.97

"Due to EURO! Fuel 20 Pfennigs dearer?"

In the article below this header the subject is not a planned fuel price raise, but the perception that: "Only states with a budget deficit (...) at 3% maximum of the gross domestic product (...) can inaugurate the EURO." and that "On the one hand there are less earned taxes due to the rise of unemployment, on the other hand grow the billions of contributions for the social insurance that have to be brought up for the unemployed.". "BILD" refers to plans "...from the health office of minister Seehofer...", by which "...the purchase of clothing and furniture for recipients of welfare payment will only be payed by a lump sum" and that those should receive "...more used clothing and furniture...". Further on "Bild" quotes the secretary-general of the CSU, Protzner, it would not be reasonable that workers and employees with a less than average income had to make additional payments for dental sugery, whilst welfare payment recipients would not have to pay attention to the costs of these services. Therefore Protzner demanded recipients of welfare payment should have to make additional financial efforts for medical treatment.

 

01.04.97

"Bild" informs in the news-column that, according to the Ifo-Institute, "Due to the cease of the currency exchange savings of 0.8% of the gross domestic product of the EU are to be expected".

 

27.05.97

"Class-warfare & religious war in France and Europe?"

Under this headline Professor Michael Wolffsohn writes a.o.: "Generous social politics today are more important to the French than the recovery of the state finance tomorrow. This means: The introduction of the EURO is endangered. Yet this recovery of the state finance and the EURO are the only stable and permanent foundation of every social politics.". Wolffsohn demands the reconstruction of the social state without showing up solution sets for it. Wolffsohn explains the fact that 15% of the french people voted for the extreme right on the premature parliamental elections, by stating that the poor inhabitants of France want to "expel the rival muslimic "aliens", who would by the way be frenchmen, due to the fact that they own a french passport. He resumes: "Nationality is by no means decisive for successful foreign politics.". Wolffsohn fears a polarisation within the french society: "The right mobilizes against islam and orient in the `christian occident`, and the muslims get offensive, too. Alert!".

 

17.06.97

"EU-headconference Germans succeed"

The conflict in which Kohl and Waigel succeeded is described by "BILD" as follows: "France denied the agreement to the stability pact, they wanted to pass a multi-billion `employment chapter`". "BILD" does not show what that `employment chapter` looks like, only that Kohl and Waigel decline "the expensive employment programs of the French". "The compromise: The fight against unemployment is taken over as an `aim`into the final document.".

 

19.07.97

"Kohl: The EURO will be punctual"

"BILD" summons statements from Helmut Kohl, on the occasion of his summer-pressconference. "The most important statements of Kohl: (...) Unemployment: `I cling to the aim to halfen the number of unemployed until the year 2000.` (...) EURO: `We stick to the criteria for the EURO-currency. Germany will fulfill the criteria. The EURO will be punctual.`"

 

17.01.98

"The EURO comes! Will my pension stay secure?"

"BILD" comes to the conclusion, that especially elderly people have no confidence in the EURO, because "they mix up currency-union with currency-reform". This fear would be unreasonable, as "neither pensions nor life-insurances will be deminished by the EURO. (...) Even after the european currency-union the pension in germany will be adjusted to the german nett-income trend."

 

17.01.98

"Therefor we need the EURO"

Dieter Schulte, headman of the Federation of German Trade Unions, writes on the inauguration of the EURO in this issue and comes to the conclusion that the EURO offers chances for more employment, as the currency fluctuations will cease. These would have cost jobs in the export economies. He demands that the new currency must not be at the expense of employed and socially weak. "Social cuts and reducements to fulfill the criteria will not be made with us."

 

19.01.98

"The EURO comes! Do i need a new mortgage?"

Asks the "BILD" and answers with no, as "mortgage-contracts stay valid". At trade-contracts, real-estate-acquiring-tax as well as at real-estate-registryfees and notary fees business is as usual.

 

19.01.98

"The EUROcurrency has to be stable"

Oscar Lafontaine writes in this issue the currency union would be a historic chance for the european union and thus would be of innate interest to Germany. He demanded a european employment pact, which would include the harmonisation of taxes within europe."

 

23.01.98

"The EURO is coming! Do I have to trade memorial coins?"

 

23.01.98

"The EURO must be firm on long terms"

The bayovarian prime minister Edmund Stoiber writes that the EURO would be a chance for employment and financial growth in Europe and Germany. This would only be valid if it would be as stable as the D-Mark, because "who risks a weak currency gains inflation and more unemployment in the end." He demands, "that in EURO-land there should not be made compensatory payments to countries that were taken in too early, and can not yet withstand the hard competition. A transfer union would be in full to the costs of Germany as the biggest nett-payer of the EU."

 

27.02.98

"EURO - the wonderdrug"

Under this header the EURO is praised like a medicine: "Helps against inflation! Thanks to EURO prices are as stable as they haven´t been for 50 years. Works against budget deficites! Thanks to EURO even Italy, Portugal and Spain save extremely strong ("pickelhart"). (...)But unemployment? Even against that the EURO starts to help! It creates one currency and one economic space from Lapland down to the Algarve. Everywhere over there the economic trend finally rises again - and over here, too. Wonder-EURO, EURO-Wonder!"

(...)

 

17.04.98

"Deutsche Bank: 1.95 Marks for a EURO"

"BILD" figures out to their readers what a litre fuel, a pound of butter and a lager in the pub will cost.

 

23.04.98

"Last EURO-debate in Federal Diet - the D-Mark will be abolished."

"BILD" spots to its readers to the "Highlight today in Federal Diet: The verbal duel Kohl/Schröder (from 9:00am live on ARD, Phoenix, NTV)". While Kohl declares the inauguration of the EURO as "a deep historic into the history of the old continent", "BILD" quotes Schröder as follows: "We must not conceil to the people: The new currency will at short terms pressurize more jobs.". Theo Waigel has got his problems, like other politicians, to say good bye to the D-Mark and remembers his first self-earned mony: "As a boy i helped my father harvesting. In the end it got me 50 Marks."

 

24.04.98

"Farewell to the D-Mark"

There is a short report on the result of the vote in the Federal Diet. "(...) only the PDS and single MP´s voted no." 

 

Theme of the day:

"Big last oration in the Federal Diet - Afterwards Kohl and Schröder argued on the EURO"Theme of the day is the dismissal of former Foreign Minister Genscher and the debate on vote for the inauguration of the EURO. "Standing ovations for former Foreign Minister Genscher (...) An end was put to harmony then, the debate on the EURO got a verbal fight." Two sentences of Kohl are quoted: "I am shure the consent on the EURO - exactly as formerly the consent to the D-Mark - will come. (...) The EURO is by no means an incalculable risk." Schröder points out the EURO would not be a guarantor for safe jobs - this would be "a similar big heresy as the promise of flowering greens four years ago." (A hint on Kohl´s remark to the economic development in the german east.) According to "BILD" the EURO-debate did not attract all members of the Federal Diet: "In the mean time the delegates the back rows read the sports columns of the daily papers (`Berti Vogts: Our way to the orld championship`), discussed on photos of models in magazines, shared chocolates."

The settlement of the debate is described: "After eight and a half hours debate the historic vote. At 5.55pm the Vice President of the Federal Diet, Hirsch proclaimed the result: The Federal Diet decides the abolition of the D-Mark and the inauguration of the EURO."

 

Comment:

"EURO good start"

The decision of the Federal Diet to inaugurate the EURO is commented on as "succeeded start of germany into the future project EURO" by the paper. Criticism is not accepted: "On this important theme topic is no more space for self-assertion and election campaign fights (Wahlkampfmätzchen).".

 

25.04.98

"Kohl and Schröder - shake hands, then yes to the EURO"

On the occasion of the agreement to the inauguration of the EURO by the Senate of the Federal Parliament "BILD" quotes Kohl: "The common currency is no patend recipe for new employment". The paper comments on the appearance of EURO-critic Biedenkopf: "Before his [Kohls] faction internal opponent, Saxony´s Prime Minister Biedenkopf, stepped up to the desk, the chancellor left the assembly hall. Biedenkopf: `We can only take the people to EURO-country if they understand why.`".

 

02.05.98

"Who will be EURO-President? Duisenberg leads by a noses length"

According to "BILD" most countries, like Germany, tend to Duisenberg, whilst France favourizes Trichet.

Comment: "If today the awkward struggle (Postenschacher) for the post of the chairman of the European Central Bank (oberster Währungshüter) can be finished, too, there should not be much in the way of success of the EURO.".

 

04.05.98

"EURO - the foul compromise"

In the leader the paper writes: "A dark shade falls onto the hour of birth (...) Up to the last moment the french President (...) had tried to push through the frenchman Jean-Claude Trichet." and quotes BDI-President Henkel: "a foul compromise!".

 

"Delivery Room Brussels - protocol of a forceps delivery"

"The formation of the EURO - it was a forceps delivery with argueing principal doctors and a baby with swellings and scratches". The report on the conference is in record style, it closes with with a quote from Prime Minister Stoiber of Bavaria: "The fatal argue caused by france casts a shadow on the start of the currency union."

 

"EUROguard Duisenberg - whom do we entrust with our money?"

Duisenberg is introduced to the reader. Below a photo of Duisenberg is written: "Speaks german perfectly: The Dutchman Wim Duisenberg.". The given inquiry: "Who is the man that shall make the EURO as strong as our D-Mark?". The answers: "His trade mark: the silvergrey hair (Wuschelkopf). The very intelligent (blitzgescheite) dutchman (stately exam "cum laude") does rather look like an absent-minded professor than a tough banker." As "Skinflint of the guilder" he had taken care that since 1982 the depressiation rate in his country has dropped from 6.6% below 2%. Nevertheless "Duisenberg is a relatively relaxed dutchman, too", because "1994 he was said to have missed a meeting of the International Currency Fond on purpose - to take part in a golf tournament." "BILD" mentions he had won the tournament.

 

Comment:

"EURO desaster-start"

It is complained that the discussion on the call for the president of the ECB was done in public: "Why dissension in front of all? (...) The citicen saw empty mineral water bottles, nudging photographers, bewildered politicians. He saw anger!". "BILD" suspects this to have a negative influence on the public opinion towards the EURO: "The citizen went to bed puzzled: Will the new currency not be as unproblematic as promised? A nightmare that won´t give way fast."

 

05.05.98

"Can the citizen stand the truth?"

The paper criticises the election of Duisenberg: "A man rises to the highest keeper of the new currency EURO. According to the law his term of office is eight years. The man is 62 years old and of the opinion nobody could stop him to retreat `premature`. The truth is, the man has to retreat to make way for someone else after four years. What are the politicians doing? They reach for the trumpet and it sounds: `Success`. (...) In politicws the sun allways has to

shine (...) Every failure is sold as victory.".

"Chirac: The french call him `Bulldozer`"

The french President, who had his way on the election of the chairman of the ECB "without consideration for loss of his interests", is entitled "Political Rambo". To underpin the term "Political Rambo" the paper mentions the french atomic bombing tests in 1995, the liquidation of the national assembly in 1997 "in spite of a powerful majority", that lead "to disaster" - "since then he [Chirac] has to reign with the socialist Jospin." - and the disbandment of the

Compulsory military service "allthough there allready are german-french brigades!".

"Number of the day"

It is mentioned that the inflation rate of Germany by 0.6% is "the lowest amongst the EU-countries".

 

09.05.98

"...and suddenly the money feels sticky"

This article, that deals with the production of the EURO-notes starts like a meditation exercise: "Take a banknote, close your eyes and run your hand over it´s surface. Nicely ribbed... (...)What will that be like, when the new EURO-notes arrive?". While in germany "the paper is stronger - nearly pure cotton - and washable", France produces "a `rustling` paper money, that gets `sticky` by means of use.". Consumers that get hold of such a (non-german) note would believe to have obtained counterfeit money "and say: `This one feels strange, give me a real one...`".

 

11.05.98

"The first trouble with EURO - coins"

According to the european Union for Vending Machines, "These Coins [are] (...) a request for cheat". The reason for this assertions according to "BILD" is, that 20 and 50 Cent coins scarcely differ in size and weight. "Many buyers could be tempted to take the 20 instead of the 50-Cent-Coin."

Back to Content

 

3 Positions of the "BILD" to the EURO 

3.1 Pro EURO

Up to the issue on 04.05.98 "EURO - the foul compromise" nearly all reports and comments are without exception tuned positive to the EURO. EURO-opponents do nearly not get to word in edgeways, they do not even seem to exist.Exeption are the articles: 30.12.96 "EURO", in which is reported that Schröder threatens the failure of the inauguration of the EURO. Arguments that justify this failure are not given. 24.04.98 "Farewell to the D-Mark" The reader is informed that Members of Parliament from the PDS and a few others voted against the inauguration of the EURO. Argument of these opponents are not quoted.

25.04.98 "Kohl and Schröder - shake hands, then yes to the EURO"

The EURO-critic Biedenkopf is quoted with "We can only take the people to EURO-country if they understand why.".More criticism is not tolerated by "BILD":

24.04.98 "EURO good start": "On this important theme topic is no more space for self-assertion and election campaign fights (Wahlkampfmätzchen)."Fears with the EURO among the population are put in questions:

17.01.98 "The EURO comes! Will my pension stay secure?"

19.01.98 "The EURO comes! Do i need a new mortgage?"

23.01.98 "The EURO is coming! Do i have to trade memorial coins?"

Without exception these questions are answered by stating they are unfounded.

To explain to the reader, why the EURO is good for Germany, "BILD" lets high ranking personalities who welcome the inauguration of the EURO come to write in guest comments:

17.01.98 "Therefor we need the EURO"

19.01.98 "The EUROcurrency has to be stable"

23.01.98 "The EURO must be firm on long terms"

Adjacent on 27.02.98 "BILD" declares "EURO - the wonderdrug" that helps against inflation, budget deficite and unemployment. 

Back to Content

 

3.2 Nationalistic

17.06.97 "EU-headconference Germans succeed"

Germany succeeded over France. "The expensive employment programs of the French" have been declined.

France turns up as opponent several times:

27.05.97 "Class-warfare & religious war in France and Europe?"

05.05.98 "Chirac: The french call him `Bulldozer`"

09.05.98 "...and suddenly the money feels sticky" The notes produced in France

are particularly meant by this.

Back to Content

 

3.3 The EURO and unemployment

The inauguration of the EURO will, in the view of "BILD", not intensify, but reduce unemployment:

19.02.97 "Federal Bank: Inferior interests are no barrier for more Employment"

Inferior interests do not contribute to unemployment, but are an important contribution to the introduction of the EURO, quotes "BILD" the Federal Bank president Tietmeyer.

19.07.97 "Kohl: The EURO will be punctual"

Kohl declares that the number of unemployed will be halfened until the year 2000 and Germany holds on to the criteria for the EURO-currency.

17.01.98 "Therefor we need the EURO"

In a guest comment the chairman of the Federation of German Trade Unions, Dieter Schulte,explains that the EURO offers chances for more employment because the fluctuations of the exchange rates drop out.

23.01.98 "The EURO must be firm on long terms"

The Prime Minister of Bavaria, Stoiber, writes in a guest comment that the EURO is a chance financial growth in Europe and Germany in the long term.

27.02.98 "EURO - the wonderdrug"

The EURO helps against unemployment as it creates one economic space and one currency in Europe.

Voices that are critical to the reduction of unemployment by the EURO have their say from 23.04.98:

23.04.98 "last EURO-debate in Federal Diet - the D-Mark will be abolished."Schröder: "We must not conceil to the people: The new currency will at short terms pressurize more jobs.". Why it is like that or what jobs are under threat is not imparted.

24.04.98 "Theme of the day"

Schröder points out that the EURO is not a guarantor for safe employment.

25.04.98 "Kohl and Schröder - shake hands, then yes to the EURO"

Kohl: " The common currency is not a patent recipe for the creation of new jobs.".

Back to Content

 

3.4 Social claims in connection with the EURO inauguration

06.10.96 "Kohl: Secret meeting with union boss"

The DAG chairman Issen demands, "that the fulfillment of the premises for the introduction of the EURO does not lead to an increased unemployment.".

13.12.96 "EURO - the most important debate in the federal diet" SPD party leader Scharping speaks for the EURO and demands "more engagement against unemployment.".

30.03.97 "Due to EURO! Fuel 20 Pfennigs dearer?"

Minister of health Seehofer demands to give a lump sum for clothing and furniture to recipients of welfare payment. Furthermore they should be provided with used furniture and clothing.CSU secretary-general Protzner demands contributions to medical treatment from citizens on welfare.

27.05.97 "Class-warfare & religious war in France and Europe?"

In a guest comment professor Michael Wolfssohn demands the reorganisation of the welfare state. Recovery of the state finance and the EURO would be the foundation of all social politics. He blames France: "Generous social politics today are more important to the French than the recovery of the state finance tomorrow."

Back to Content

 

3.5 Coverage after the election of the ECB-President

04.05.98 "EURO - the foul compromise"

"Delivery Room Brussels - protocol of a forceps delivery" Stoiber is quoted: "The fatal argue caused by france casts a shadow on the start of the currency union.".

In the comment "BILD" describes the "EURO desaster-start", for the first time it takes a critical point of view on the EURO and fears that the citizens obtain a negative attitude towards the EURO, as they ask themselves if it is not going to be as "unproblematic as promised".

On 09.05.98 "...and suddenly the money feels sticky" "BILD" transforms ist unease facing the EURO on poorly printed banknotes of french origin, that feel like counterfeit money.Even the EURO-coins are beeing critisized on 11.05.98:

"The first trouble with EURO - coins".

Back to Content

 

Bibliography:

BILD advertisement price list nr. 51

Lohmeyer, Henno. Springer: ein deutsches Imperium; Geschichte und Geschichten. Berlin: Ed. q, 1992.

Naeher, Gerhard. Axel Springer. Mensch, Macht, Mythos. Erlangen, Bonn, Wien: Straube, 1991.

Riedmiller, Thomas. Arbeitslosigkeit als Thema der BILD-Zeitung. Untersuchung des Ludwig-Uhland-Instituts der Universität Tübingen, 1988

Springer, Axel. Von Berlin aus gesehen. Stuttgart: Seewald Verlag, 1971.

Wallraff, Günter. Der Aufmacher. Der Mann, der bei Bild Hans Esser war. Köln: Kiepenheuer und Witsch, 1977.

Back to Content To Helgo Ollmann´s Homepage